As a car owner you most likely have heard the term clear coat when talking about car paint, but may be uncertain as to what it is or why you should even concern yourself with it.
The fact is that most people understand what it is at a very basic definition, but due to so much product misconception and bad information repeated by good intentioned people, much confusion and misinformation continues to circulate. Follow along as we try and break down this critical part of the Vehicle Detailing process and what proper care really requires when it comes to your clear coats.
WHAT IS CAR CLEAR COAT
Since clear coat on your car paint is just that, clear, I cannot show you an actual picture of just exactly what clear coat is. The picture here does show you something called clear coat failure. Before we get ahead of ourselves, we need to start at the beginning and lay the foundation as to what clear coat is and why you need to understand its role in all of this!
CAR CLEAR COAT QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
WHAT IS A CLEAR COAT?
Clear coat is the top layer of modern day, factory paint jobs. Clear coat is just that; clear. Simply put, clear coat is paint without any colour. Also referred to as 2-stage paint or 2 Pack; colour coat is first stage, clear coat is second stage.
I HAVE HEARD OF 2-STAGE PAINT; IS THERE ANY CONNECTION?
Yes. 2-stage paint is another way of describing the clear coat and base coat system. The colour or base coat is the fist stage. The top coat or clear coat is the second stage.
WHY IS CLEAR COAT ADDED TO CAR PAINT?
Clear coat serves multiple purposes:
- Adds protective layer to colour coat.
- Creates additional depth and shine to colour coats.
- UV protector of base coat.
WHAT DOES CLEAR COAT DO?
Clear coat as we have learned from above is added to protect the lower base or colour coat. Vehicle clear coat protects in the following ways:
- UV rays
- Various forms of harmful chemicals, acid rain, dirt, bird droppings, bee pollen, etc. Basically creates a protective barrier between the colour coat and the Environment! – To a certain degree!
HOW CAN I TELL IF MY CAR HAS CLEAR COAT?
Every car has clear coat; at least virtually every car made since the 80’s. I realise I just said the 80’s which leaves a very big window of 30 years, but the fact is that clear coat was introduced little by little based on the car manufacturer. First metallic paint jobs were cleared first, then solid colours. Some solid colour paints were still left un-
cleared into the 90’s and beyond. Today it would be hard to find a car that doesn’t have a clear coat as part of the factory paint job.
Virtually the only time you would need to question as to whether your car has clear coat or not is in these (2) case:
Your car has been repainted (or some section of your car). Which still won’t make much of a difference as you will still be doing the same required steps of care you would if clear coat was present everywhere on your car?
You have a white Car or 4wd that is older than 7-8 years. In very few exceptions, I come across white Toyota 4Wds that have not been painted as 2-stage paint from the factory. I think the Manufacturers know that they will need to have numerous repairs and it’s easier on Single Stage non 2 Pack Paint! This is rare and the exception to the rule. As I said at the beginning, car manufacturers introduced 2-stage paint jobs slowly. Metallic’s first, then certain solid colours, with certain solid colours being the last to be cleared. White was one of the very last colours to be cleared and each car manufacturer started making it standard at different times when compared to other manufacturers. (It was possible to still have single stage paint on white Toyota’s and Mercedes Benz’ into the late 90″s) If you are fortunate to have one of these single stage paint jobs, consider yourself unlucky, as they are definitely harder to work with than a clear coated car.
IS THERE EVER A REASON A CAR WOULDN’T HAVE CLEAR COAT?
Yep! The following would represent cases where a car would not have clear coat:
Some commercial trucks/cars may be ordered with single stage paint only.
Paint Shops still paint cars with single stage paint with no clear coat top coat. This is simply a way for a person to spend less on re-paint. It is also a way for the Paint Shop to come in with a lower quote to an ignorant person. Clear-coat or 2-stage paint is definitely the better choice but costs more. If you have ever had a car repainted or had body work done, the estimate will indicate this.
IF I AM IN DOUBT, IS THERE A WAY TO DETERMINE FOR SURE IF MY CAR HAS CLEAR COAT?
Yes. Use a clean rag with some polishing compound and rub with firm pressure in an inconspicuous area. If there is no clear coat, the rag will have colour from the car paint on it. As we have learned, virtually all cars have clear coat so your rag will most likely only show signs of the polish as the clear coat has no colour to it.
DOES CAR CLEAR COAT REQUIRE SPECIAL CARE?
As a general rule, clear coated cars require the same care as any Vehicle without clear coat. Traditional methods of washing, waxing, and polishing would apply. Clear coat paint requires the same care and requirements of non-clear coated car paint.
WHAT IS MEANT BY CLEAR COAT SAFE CAR CARE PRODUCTS?
Since virtually every Vehicle comes with clear coat, “Clear coat safe” products are a way for the car care industry to exploit the ignorance of consumers by labelling “clear coat safe” on the package labelling. If you are Johnny Consumer and stand there in the car care aisle at the retailer looking at two containers of car wax or car polish, one product says it is clear coat safe, the other doesn’t. By default due to your ignorance, most people will choose the product labelled “clear coat safe” just as a precaution.
The manufacturer just put a level of doubt in your head with the power of suggestion; they suggest you need a product that is clear coat safe. The fact is that all products will be clear coat safe based on ingredients alone due to the basic fact that virtually
every car will have a clear coat. This is not to say that any product could not be used in an unsafe manner; that is entirely different… which leads to the next question.
I’VE HEARD SOME CAR CLEAR COATS ARE VERY SOFT AND REQUIRE SPECIAL PRODUCTS?
Once again, much ignorance and bad information exists out there. Our friends down at Super cheep Vehicle Places and the Like generally have no clue unless you find an enthusiast in the bunch. The fact is that any true expert will tell you that working on car paint is a case by case judgement call regarding product choice and technique. When it comes to washing and waxing your car, it really doesn’t matter past common sense practices of car washing and waxing. When it comes to using car buffers, car polishes, or paint correction processes, then it matters, but this is in the hands of the person behind the polisher. Just like every other area of life, not all things are created equal. So you have all different formulations with regards to clear coats; some may in fact be what would be considered harder or softer clear coats. Any experienced detailer will have to make a determination as to the best way to achieve the desired results and this detailer will have to choose the appropriate polishes, polish pads, speed settings, pressure, etc., etc.
If you visit any of the car forums you will hear the endless debate regarding soft or hard clear coats and the opinions of these many “experts”. The reality is that most car forums are filled with people giving advice with very little real-world experience.
WHAT IS MEANT BY CLEAR COAT FAILURE?
Depends. (I hate that answer also) But it seriously depends and is a case by case answer. It happens to be a term that many people like to casually throw around because it has the “cool factor”. Meaning, it sounds cool to refer to something mundane like clear coat in way that sounds more exciting and unique; hence, clear coat failure. So to answer the question, clear coat failure can be a number of things and can take on different appearances. Overall, clear coat failure is nothing more than an ambiguous label for a variety of problems:
Clear coat becoming so dry and weathered due to lack of proper care and maintenance.
Clear coat literally flaking and peeling due to faulty preparation as part of the painting process done at the factory.
Clear coat flaking or peeling due to unstable, poorly engineered primers, paints, clear coats, etc. If anyone of these layers is engineered with poor ingredients, it can cause a loss of integrity to the entire layered system of modern day paint finishes.
HOW DO YOU TAKE CARE OF CLEAR COAT?
As we have learned, clear coat for most discussions is nothing more than paint without colour. With that said, how to take care of clear coat falls into the basic discussion of how to take care of car paint, and for most of you looking to do the basics, this will require very little:
Wash car regularly; every 1-4 weeks. Dirt and sun are the most harmful things as a general rule; you have less control over sun exposure, but much more control over how long you allow dirt to remain on your car. (Washing is also a visual thing so if
you are particular how your car looks, then washing more frequently will become important)
Use detailing clay regularly to remove pollutants that will attach and embed into the clear coat. (Since air quality is different and unique to any given area, this may be as little as once a year or as often as once a month.)
Use car wax or a paint sealant for protection and visual enhancement regularly. (Many factors will ultimately determine durability and longevity of any given car wax or sealant. As a rule, car waxes and car sealants will only last around 3 months depending on product, weather conditions, condition of paint, etc.)
Like I have said many places of this website, you could get bogged down very quick with the many opinions being circulated around the Internet, car clubs, car forums, or most anywhere in life. I am of the opinion that we are now in an era of information overload. The bigger problem is the amount of unreliable information any of us are required to sift through in order to come to an informed conclusion.
Car clear coat is simply one of innumerable topics of cosmetic car care that is filled with hype, ambiguous terminology, or contradicting terminology that confuses and often does more harm than good. So with that said, use the checklist below to keep yourself from getting overwhelmed to the point of inaction:
Virtually every car has clear coat; you would have a hard time finding one that doesn’t.
Clear coat has the same basic requirements of traditional car paint: washing, waxing, polishing occasionally, use of the Clay Bar (detailing clay or Clay products).
Don’t get hung up on discussions about soft or hard car clear coats. This will not matter to 98% of you looking to perform basic car paint requirement.
The clay bar is safe for clear coats; remember virtually all cars have clear coats.
Don’t get hung up on people telling you that the clay bar can be used too often and/or will damage your clear coat; just not true.
After claying, remember to choose a quality Wax, Sealant or Ceramic to create a protective layer and for visual enhancement of the car clear coat.